ÉLEUTHÈRE IRÉNÉE DU PONT DE NEMOURS

Lucille ns PontEvelina Gabrielle aux PontAlfred V. De PontEleuthera aux PontSophie Madeleine aux PontHenry de Pont

Alexis Irénée de PontParentsPierre Samuel ns Pont ns NemoursNicole Charlotte marie Louise le Dée de RencourtSignature
*

Éleuthère Irénée de Pont ns Nemours (June 24, 1771 – October 31, 1834), known ont Irénée du Pont, jaune E.I. Du Pont, to be a French-born American chemist and industrialist who emmigrated to the United says in 1799 et founded auto gunpowder production business, E. I. Aux Pont du Nemours and Company. His descendants, the du Pont family, to be one de America"s richest and most prominent families in auto nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Vous lisez ce: Éleuthère irénée du pont de nemours

During its almost 200 année history, Irénée ns Pont"s business has had a major un tube on American affairs. Auto DuPont entreprise was a major producer ns war supplies in both world War I and World war II. Nouveau materials developed passant par the lentreprise during the 1960s had teflon, corfam, and corian. Additionally, the chemical and manufacturing huge was repas to the success de the Apollo space program (1961-1975).<1>


Contents


Irénée du Pont"s entrepreneurial instincts et his patriotic instincts dirige to a company whose good discoveries would serve the le meilleur interests du not seulement the U.S., cible ultimately the world. Like Alfred Nobel, he page to apply his personal discoveries and individual wealth towards thé greater good ns science and mankind.

Early life et family

Irenee was born in 1771 in parisien to roche Samuel de Pont du Nemours et Nicole Charlotte marié Louise les Dée de Rencourt.<2> They were a distinguished family in la france with connections venir Louis XVI, planche à découper Jefferson, et French chemist et researcher chic Lavoisier.<3>


*

Eleuthère (right) and mentor antoine Lavoisier

When only a teenager, though cette did not care parce que le academics, du Pont verified tremendous interest in gunpowder et engaged in his own independent research. In fact, at lâge 14 cette entered the royalistes College in Paris et worked as année apprentice v Lavoisier in production gunpowder à la the government. Lavoisier instilled in thé young du Pont knowledge du botany and agriculture, two passions de his which stayed with him transparent his life, also advising people in his later years.<4>


*

Sophie Madeline Dalmas DuPont

A few years later, after de Pont left his apprenticeship et lost his relier to federal government gunpowder manufacturing, cette began à manage his father"s publishing house. At this time, ns Pont met Sophie madeleine Dalmas who he was determined venir marry. Only after much persistance and even pledging to fight in two duels parce que le her hand in marriage did her father agree. Castle were ultimately married in 1791, and eventually the couple had eight children.

Like his father, cette was initially a continuer of the français Revolution. However, both were amongst those that physically defended king Louis XVI et Marie Antoinette native a mob besieging the Tuileries royal residence in parisien during auto insurrection du August 10, 1792. In 1799, after his father narrowly escaped thé guillotine et their page daccueil was sacked par a mob, the entire family left pour the united States.<3> getting here with his family members in America, ns Pont created his loger Eleutherian Mills nous the Brandywine Creek in Delaware. They hoped (but failed) à create a maquette community of français émigrés.

Voir plus: Liste Des Vaccins Sans Aluminium Dans Les Vaccins, Vaccins : Oui Mais… Sans Aluminium !

E.I. Du Pont du Nemours and Company

Du pont discovered, while nous a searching trip one day, that gunpowder in amérique was not only ineffective marqué also really expensive. After more investigation, cette came à realize that auto United State"s require for meilleur powder created an excellent market pour the kind de quality gunpowder hey had worked with in France.<3> With aid from thomas Jefferson and alexander Hamilton, de Pont urged his household into forming a gunpowder tree at Eleutherian Mills—his patrie on Brandywine Creek near Wilmington, Delaware in 1802. Cette used capital, and machinery imported indigenous France et brought in expertise in chemistry et gunpowder. In subsequent years the family operation business, called the E.I. Ns Pont ns Nemours et Company (the DuPont Company) grew à become the second largest chemical company in the world.<5>

In 1822, de Pont was made a director du the bank of the United states where cette handled plenty of inquiries nous matters of agresseur and business. In 1833, hey refused to sell gunpowder to auto South Carolina Nullifiers; 125,000 lbs. Or $24,000 worth, as an loi of allegiance to auto government.<5>

By the time of du Pont"s fatality in 1834, DuPont ranked among thé largest de American carriers in existence. De the mid-nineteenth century, ce had become the largest supplier du gunpowder to auto United States army supplying as much oui half of the gunpowder used by the syndicat Army during thé American civil War. Deux hundred years later, the company remains successful, after diversifying through thé manufacturing of several industrial assets including chemicals, plastics, and synthetic fibers.<2>

Death and legacy

Éleuthère Irénée du Pont died of cholera nous October 31, 1834, at thé Eleutherian Mills, near Greenville, Delaware. (Ironically, cholera is sometimes referred to ont "the negative man"s disease" en raison de to thé fact that cette mostly preventable through preserving a sanitary food et water supply.)<4> The entreprise he founded was managed passant par his sons, Alfred V. Aux Pont (1798–1856) et Henry du Pont (1812–1889), in the years after his death.

The site du his gunpowder mill in Delaware was declared a national Historic Landmark in 1966. The Hagley Museum and Library was additionally created along auto banks ns the Brandywine River. "The Hagely" is a non-profit educational agence that includes thé first de Pont family members home and garden in the United States, the powder yards, et a nineteenth-century device shop. Nous the hillside below thé mansion lies a Renaissance-Revival garden, v terraces and statuary, created de Louise Evalina aux Pont Crowninshield (1877-1958) in the 1920s. Auto Eleutherian Mills-Hagley foundation was developed in 1954, and the museum opened à the public in 1957.

The patrimoine of Éleuthère Irénée aux Pont has actually not seul brought a riche history venir his home state ns Delaware but année important économique foundation ont well.

New Titlenew companyPresident of ns Pont1802 – October 31, 1834Succeeded by: Alfred V. De Pont

Notes


References

du Pont, calcul S. Genealogy ns the du Pont family members 1739-1942. Wilmington: Hambleton to press & Publishing, 1942.Dutton, williams S. De Pont, one Hundred et Fifty Years. New York: Charles Scribner"s Sons, 1942.

Voir plus: Pyrale Du Buis Savon Noir - Chenille Du Buis, Pyrale Du Buis: Lutte Bio


Credits

New world Encyclopedia writers et editors rewrote et completed thé Wikipedia articlein accordance with new World Encyclopedia standards. This éléments abides passant par terms de the an innovative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 patent (CC-by-sa), which peut être be used and disseminated with suitable attribution. Credit is en raison de under thé terms ns this license that deserve to reference both the nouveau World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors de the Wikimedia Foundation. To devis this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions par wikipedians is accessible venir researchers here:

The history du this éléments since it was imported to nouveau World Encyclopedia:

Note: Some restrictions may apply venir use du individual image which are separately licensed.